The District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) has traditionally been the principal organ at the District level to oversee the implementation of different anti poverty rogrammes.The primary objective of DRDA Schemes is to professionalize the DRDAs so that they are able to effectively manage the anti poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development and interact effectively with other agencies.
The main objectives of the agency are –
- To identify the families living below the poverty line through survey conducted by the govt. servants working at field level.
- To give financial assistance to these B.P.L.families through banks and govt. sponsored schemes.
- To draw up model plans through technical departments, for executing the labour generating schemes such as Employment Assurance Scheme.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) was notified on September, 2005. The Act provides a legal Guarantee of 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work at the minimum wage rate notified for agricultural labour prescribed in the State or else an unemployment allowance. The objective of the Act is to supplement wage employment opportunities in rural areas and in the process also build up durable assets.
Rural Housing (Indira Awaas Yojana)
IAY is a centrally sponsored scheme funded on cost-sharing basis between the GOI and State Govt. in the ratio of 75:25. Under this scheme Rs.45,000/- are provided for construction of a House, Kitchen, Smokeless Chulha and Toilet to a family living Below Poverty Line in rural areas in lump sum.
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
The families living Below the Poverty Line belonging to Rural areas are assisted under this programme – individually as well as in Groups (Self Help Group).
Funds to be received under the scheme are shared by Centre and State Govt. in 75:25 Ratio respectively. Assistance is provided for income generating activities.
After 6 months of the formation of a Self Help Group Rs.10,000/- is provided as Revolving Fund and after completion of 2nd grading (one year) subsidy [at] 50% subject to a maximum of Rs.125000/- is provided to a Self Help Group.
Under this scheme, funds amounting to Rs.2.00 Crores per year are placed at the disposal of a Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha) of a Parliamentary Constituency. The scheme is implemented on the guidelines received under the scheme from the Govt. of India. The funds are released for the works recommended by the concerned M.P. and the works are got executed through the Line Departments/Implementing Agencies like Panchayati Raj, BDPOs, Municipal Committees etc.
DDP Watershed/ IWMP
The objective of each watershed development project is to promote the economic development of the village community which is directly or indirectly dependent on the watershed and to encourage restoration of ecological balance in the village. It also includes Development of Agri. lands, horticulture, grassland, forest land, soil and water conservation measures, creation of water resources etc. It is a 4/5 year project and during this period funds amounting to Rs.30.00 lacs for one watershed development project are allocated for different components (works, training, community organization, entry point activity etc.) and an area of 1250 Acres (Approx. 500 Hect) is covered under this project.
Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)
The main objective of the scheme is to bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, accelerating sanitation coverage in rural area, generating felt need through awareness creation and health education, covering schools in rural areas with sanitation facilities and bringing about a reduction in the incidence of water and sanitation related diseases. An allocation of Rs. 1470.00 Crores has been made under the scheme and a sum of Rs. 1576.34 lacs were received and RS. 1343.56 lacs will be utilized so far on start up activities i.e. prelimary surveys, initial publicity etc., IEC, construction of individual households latrines, school sanitation etc.
Below Poverty Line List (BPL List) -District Hisar